short subject

short subject
(shorts or short films)
  a film that is shorter than around 30 or 45 minutes; in the silent film era, most films were shorts, such as those shown in nickelodeons; then, during the early film era, the price of a movie ticket included not only the weekly feature but also "selected short subjects," as they were usually billed; contrast to features.
  Examples: the 1930s talkie shorts of Our Gang or The Little Rascals from Hal Roach Studios; the Pete Smith Specialties short subject films (from the mid-1930s to mid-1950s); MGM's crime dramas and investigative exposes - Crime Does Not Pay shorts (from the mid-1930s to mid-1940s); Warners' popular Joe McDoakes series in the 1940s and 1950s; Robert Benchley's series of comedy shorts; MGM's one-reel Dogville comedies; also the Oscar-winning childhood fantasy short, The Red Balloon (1956, Fr.) (pictured)

Glossary of cinematic terms . 2015.

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