deep-focus shot

deep-focus shot
  a style or technique of cinematography and staging with great depth of field, preferred by realists, that uses lighting, relatively wide angle lenses and small lens apertures to simultaneously render in sharp focus both close and distant planes (including the three levels of foreground, middle-ground, and extreme background objects) in the same shot; contrast to shallow focus (in which only one plane is in sharp focus)
  Examples: Gregg Toland's pioneering cinematography in many deep-focus images in Citizen Kane (1941) such as in this image of young Kane in the far distance and other foreground action - all in focus; also in other 1940s films of Welles and Wyler (such as The Best Years of Our Lives (1946)), including this famous deep focus scene from The Little Foxes (1941)

Glossary of cinematic terms . 2015.

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